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United Airlines orders 100 Boeing 737 MAX jets and a record-setting 100 Boeing 787 Dreamliners.
Let us intrduce you to United Airlines fleet. Today United Airlines ordered 100 Boeing 737 MAX jets and a record-setting 100 Boeing 787 Dreamliners. The fleet of United Airline becomes bigger and better than ever by adding up to 200 widebody planes – the largest order by a U.S. carrier in commercial airline history. In total, the airline now expect to take delivery of about 700 new planes by 2032, at an average of more than two per week in 2023, and more than three per week, on average, in 2024. Adding widebody planes helps United airline offer customers even more choices across global network: United is the number one U.S. airline across the Atlantic and the Pacific.
A little bit about the airplanes Boeing 737 MAX and Boeing 787 Drealiners:
According to United Airline they chose Boeing over the rival plane maker Airbus because the the airline is eager to grow and already has several dozen 787s as well as the pilots trained to fly them. The airline still has an order on the books to recive dozens of Airbus A350s, a 787 competitor, in 2030.
"They're both great airplanes," United's chief executive, Scott Kirby, said on a call with reporters. "But we already have a large installed base of 787s. And in this world where we're trying to bring on 2500 pilots a year and grow the airline, introducing a new fleet type slows that down dramatically."
New planes have many benefits. Travelers are getting an improved customer experience, with cleaner, more streamlined and sometimes more spacious interiors. Today under the slogan "It's time to fly" United airline serves 238 domestic destinations and 118 international destinations in 48 countries or regions across five continents out of Chicago–O'Hare International Airport and eight hubs.
Magellan And His Longest Voyage
Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese navigator and explorer who sailed under the flags of both Portugal (1505–13) and Spain (1519–21). Magellan was the first European to sail across the Pacific Ocean and the first man to lead an expedition that circumnavigated the globe, though he himself did not survive the journey.
In 1505 Magellan was part of a Portuguese expedition to India and was believed to have spent around seven years in Goa, Cochin and Quilon. Later, Magellan sailed on to Malacca in present-day Malaysia where he distinguished himself in a skirmish with the natives, thus earning a promotion. Returning to Lisbon in 1512, Magellan was again active in a Portuguese military action in North Africa and was wounded. It was during this campaign that Magellan was accused of illegal trade with the Moors and fell out of official favor. From Spain he sailed around South America, discovering the Strait of Magellan, and across the Pacific. Though he was killed in the Philippines, one of his ships continued westward to Spain, accomplishing the first circumnavigation of Earth. The voyage was successfully terminated by the Basque navigator Juan Sebastián del Cano.
In 1517 Magellan presented his ideas of sailing west to reach Asia to the Spanish king, Charles V. After his project was accepted and finance secured from the Spanish crown, the usual financial problems and political intrigue delayed the sailing.
Ferdinand Magellan’s 1519 expedition changed the world forever. His journey was “the greatest sea voyage was ever undertaken, and the most significant,” says historian Laurence Bergreen, author of Over the Edge of the World: Magellan’s Terrifying Circumnavigation of the Globe. “That’s not hyperbole.”
In September 1519 Magellan’s fleet with 234 men including a number of Portuguese, Italians and French sailed from Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain, and crossed the Atlantic Ocean, which was then known simply as the Ocean Sea. Three years later, after Magellan’s death, only one ship, the Victoria, made it back to Spain after circumnavigating the world. That ship that remained, was captained by Juan Sebastian Elcano, a Basque who returned to Spain in September 1522. Along the way, they encountered a new ocean, mapped new routes for European trade, and set the stage for modern globalism. Sixty thousand miles later, and after the death of 80 per cent of those involved, the expedition had proven that the globe could be circumnavigated and opened the door to European colonization of the New World in the name of commerce.
Even though it was considered one of the greatest in history, Magellan’s voyage didn’t have that many repercussions after it finished. The main one was that it started a dispute between Portugal and Spain over who should control the Moluccas. The Spanish tried many times to establish a presence in the islands, but they all ended badly. Finally, after having spent much time and lost lives, they would concede them to the Portuguese.
In 1519, Ferdinand Magellan set sail from Spain with five ships to find a western route to the Moluccas. Magellan was sponsored by Spain to travel west across the Atlantic in search of the East Indies. His goal was to get to the very profitable Spice Islands of the Moluccas and, overall, the same as that of Columbus years prior: to go West to reach East. In doing so, his expedition became the first from Europe to cross the Pacific Ocean and circumnavigate the world.
Magellan's Expedition was made up of five ships: Vitória, Santiago, Concepción, San António, and Trinidad, this last one under Magellan himself. They all had a crew, supplies enough for 2 years, and guns.
They set sail from the Port of Sanlúcar de Barrameda, in Andalucia, on the 20 of September 1519. They stopped briefly in the Canary Islands and then continued their journey.
On the 29 of November, they got to Brazil and in December they entered the bay of Rio de Janeiro, to get supplies and repair the ships. They then kept on sailing through the coast, trying to find a passage to the other side of the continent.
At the beginning of 1520, they reached a river that they called “Rio de la Plata” (River of Silver, known in English as River Plate), the river next to which the cities of Buenos Aires and Montevideo would be built.
At the end of March, they decided to spend the winter in a new region further south. There, they met people with very tall people and big feet, which they named “Patagones”, therefore calling the region “Patagonia”. During this “hibernation”, part of the crew started a mutiny which was put under control by Magellan.
At the end of May, the Santiago ship was shipwrecked, with no man being killed, and in August they restarted their voyage.
On the 21st of October, they found the “Cape of Eleven Thousand Virgins”, the entrance to the now named “Strait of Magellan”. Finally, they reached a passage that would lead them to another ocean.
The men found the place scary, with high rocks, huge cliffs, and fires all around made by the native people in their settlements. Therefore, they named the region “Tierra del Fuego” (Land of Fire).
They started the crossing of the Strait on the 1st of November, naming it “Strait of All Saints”, taking 27 days in total to cross. During this passage, the San António ship would desert the fleet, returning to Spain.
When they got to the “other side”, the sight was completely different from that of the Land of Fire, with calm waters and peace. Magellan named this new ocean the Mar Pacifico, the Pacific Ocean, for its apparent peacefulness, a stark contrast to the dangerous waters of the strait from which he had just emerged. In fact, extremely rough waters are not uncommon in the Pacific Ocean, where tsunamis, typhoons and hurricanes have done serious damage to the Pacific Islands and Pacific Rim nations throughout history. The men thought it would be a small journey now to their destination, probably three or four days. To their surprise, they took three months and 20 days. Magellan and his men suffered terrible hunger on the voyage. They ran out of fresh food and many died of scurvy.
The days dragged on as Magellan’s crew anxiously waited to utter the magic words “Land, ho!” At last, the fleet reached the Pacific island of Guam in March 1521, where they finally replenished their food stores.
They finally anchored on the island of Homonhon (then uninhabited) and befriended the inhabitants of the neighbouring island of Suluan, trading goods and supplies and learning about the islands and their customs.
Later, the explorers continued their trip and got to the island of Limasawa, where they met the leaders of Butuan and Surigao, who were on a hunting trip to the island. They received Magellan as a guest in their lands and explained their customs and told him about their lands. The richness of the islands could be seen in the gold jewellery that the locals used.
On the 31st of March, the crew held their first Mass in the Philippines, and soon after, they left. They went to Cebu, the largest trading post in the region, where they got on the 7th of April. There they continued to try to trade with the locals and also convert them to Christianity.
However, many natives were refusing this Christian conversion, like on the island of Mactan. On 27 April 1521, when the explorers were disembarking on that island with an army, Ferdinand Magellan was hit by an arrow at the beach and later killed by the indigenous army.
After Magellan’s death, his crew continued in the single ship that remained, captained by Juan Sebastian Elcano, a Basque.
In the end, only Victoria completed the voyage around the world and arrived back in Seville, Spain, in September 1522 with a heavy cargo of spices but with only 18 men from the original crew, including Italian scholar and explorer Antonio Pigafetta. The journal Pigafaetta kept on the voyage is a key record of what the crew encountered on their journey home.
Today, his legacy is remembered by both the Iberian countries and the rest of the world, with many places and even animals having been named after the navigator, such as the Strait of Magellan, a very important navigational route, a region in Chile, an archipelago in Micronesia, and even a US Navy project to circumnavigate the globe by submarine. The Magellanic Penguin was also named after him since he was the first European to have seen them.
Magellan’s name was also used in astronomy due to his amazing navigational skills, such as the two closest nebulae, the Magellan lunar and Marcian craters, and a NASA spacecraft. A legend was born—and in 1989, one of Magellan’s namesakes even traveled to Venus. During a five-year-long journey, NASA’s Magellan spacecraft made images of the planet before burning up in its atmosphere. Furthermore, the former US Presidential Carriage also bared his name.
Russian Aviation Crushed: Flight Cancelations, Airspace Bons, Canceled Leases, Terminated Partnerships
After the invasion of Ukraine sanctions stop Aeroflot flying anywhere outside Russia except Belarus. The cancellation also applies to its subsidiaries Aurora and Rossiya.
The European Union gave companies until March 28th 2022 to end any rental contracts with Russia. The order means lessors need to get their planes back in order to lease them out again. Most of the aircraft leased to Russian carriers are Boeing or Airbus planes. Of the 861 aircraft (332 Boeing) in the fleets of Russian airlines, about nearly 600 belong to leasing companies, most of them from Ireland, according to Cirum, an aviation data company. Those planes are worth an estimated $12 billion. AerCap, which is based in Dublin, is the most exposed, with an estimated 142 leased aircraft in Russia, according to IBA. The company is the world’s largest leasing company for commercial planes and its customers include Aeroflot and Rossiya.
Separatly, Russia’s aviation authority, Rosaviatsiya, recommended that Russian airlines with planes registered in foreign jurisdictions suspend all flights abroad from 8 March because of fears that they could be seized by foreign governments. The suspension effectively leaves a handful of Western companies with no way of recovering hundreds of planes leased to Russian carriers.
Aeroflot then said it was canceling its international flights because of “new additional circumstances impeding the operation of flights.”
It's worth noting that before Russian troops crossed the border into Ukraine Aeroflot used to fly to 146 cities in 52 countries around the world. Aeroflot has halved its international route numbers since the invasion began, prompted by the EU, the U.S., and Canada closing their airspace to Russian planes, UK announced a ban on the ability of the Aeroflot airline to operate in the UK. Further, some 36 countries have now banned the use of their airspace by Russian registered or related aircraft. Russia has reciprocated those bans. Most recently, Boeing has also reportedly suspended parts, maintenance, and technical support services for Russian airlines (presumably in line with those sanctions).
Russians can still fly foreign airlines to a number of destinations in the Middle East and Central Asia, including Armenia and Uzbekistan. Yet no airline—Russian or foreign—now flies between Russia and China connected in the wake of Western sanctions.
Beijing’s strict controls on international flights may be a cause of the lack of flights. The country operates a “Five One” policy, in which local airlines can run only one international flight per week to any country, and foreign airlines can operate only one flight to China per week. According to China's aviation regulator China will allow 644 scheduled international passenger flights to and from the country per week in the summer season.
Star Alliance was established on May 14th, 1997 by five airlines on three continents: United Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines, Thai Airways, Air Canada, and Lufthansa and they shared the star logo from the beginning, with its five points representing the founding airlines. The alliance adopted its first slogan, "The Airline Network for Earth", with its goal "an alliance that will take passengers to every major city on earth". With a management team in Frankfurt and a fully integrated online reservations system, Star Alliance continues to develop products and services that suggest how all the alliances might evolve as they enter their third decade.
At the Los Angeles International Airport, for instance, a new 15,000-square-foot Star Alliance premium-class lounge opened in July, replacing 12 member-carrier lounges. The lounge — with showers, a business center, free Wi-Fi and all-day dining — is the third of its kind for Star, after Zurich and Nagoya, Japan than in London, Paris and additional lounges worldwide.
“These carriers could not have afforded to separately build such an elaborate space,” Mr. Klick said.
Star Alliance was the first airline alliance to offer worldwide reach, recognition and seamless service to the international traveler. Star Alliance consists of 26 members carriers each with its own distinctive culture and style of service. Alliance members come together to offer smooth connections across a vast global network. A project company based in Frankfurt, Germany, coordinates Star Alliance activities. It is a truly international workforce, mirroring the reach and multiculturalism of the Alliance, with a team made up of people from over 15 different countries.
Star Alliance Member Airlines: Aegean Airlines, Air Canada, Air China, Air India, Air New Zealand, ANA, Asiana Airlines, Austrian, Avianca, Brussels Airlines, Copa Airlines, Croatia Airlines, EGYPTAIR, Ethiopian Airlines, EVA Air, LOT Polish Airlines, Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines, Singapore Airlines, South African Airways, SWISS, THAI, TAP Air Portugal, Turkish Airlines und United Airlines.
The company’s mission is to “Execute leadership in managing a portfolio of alliance products and services using an agreed process”. These include co-locations at airports, infrastructure, communication initiatives and other services to improve your travel experience. Today, with other member airlines Star Alliance serves over 725 million passengers a year. Star Alliance members’ fleet consists of more than 4,700 aircraft offers 18,400 daily flights to 1,300 airports in 191 countries. An experience awaits travelers in over 1,000 lounges worldwide.
The alliance has a two-tier rewards program, Silver and Gold, with incentives including priority boarding and upgrades.
Gold Status: Your loyalty as a frequent flyer to the Star Alliance network has earned you Gold Status. We repay you by recognising you across the entire network with a special welcome and a set of privileges that will make your journey smoother and more comfortable.
Silver Status: Silver Status recognises that you have shown a good degree of loyalty to Star Alliance member airlines and earns you two privileges that can make your journey smoother. If you carry on flying with Star Alliance member airlines you may go on to qualify for Star Alliance top status level, Star Alliance Gold.
Like other airline alliances, Star Alliance airlines share airport terminals (known as co-locations) and many member planes are painted in the alliance's livery.
From its first day, Star served every inhabited continent, in a clear illustration of why alliances exist: You can travel pretty much everywhere on alliance carriers. Wherever you’re based, if you are a frequent flyer there’s an alliance with a value proposition for you based on the perks of loyalty and seamless connections.